Northern Ireland Commission « The land border between Northern Ireland and Ireland Survey – publications » including Michel Barnier`s interview of 22 January 18 (31 Jan 18) (Added 7 Feb 18). Roger Nilsson (30 years old on the Swedish border) was quoted as saying: « My advice to the UK when they leave the EU is: don`t build too small, you need a lot of space. » Of course, Phase 1 does not require the BRITISH government to put in place a « physical infrastructure » at the border. 8 Hayward, K., All simple solutions for the Irish border after Brexit do not recognise complex realities, 21 September 2018, ukandeu.ac.uk/all-simple-solutions-to-the-post-brexit-irish-border-fail-to-acknowledge-complex-realities/. BBC elections 2017: « Real fact check: where are the parties on the Irish border? » Information on NI trade and the views of the NI contracting parties at the border. The agreement contains the commitment of the British and Irish governments to develop « close cooperation between their countries as friendly neighbours and partners in the European Union » – of course, in 1998, there was no idea that the UK would vote for an EU exit 18 years later. ERG MP Jacob Rees-Mogg also proposed the idea of unilateral free trade and an open border with Ireland as a solution. The border reaches the sea at two coves: Lough Foyle to the northwest and Carlingford Lough to the east. In the century since Ireland`s independence, she and the United Kingdom have never defined where the border is in these canals. Both bays are recovered by boats from both nations.
 During Britain`s accession to the EU, there was no need to resolve the problem, given that the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) allowed all EU Member States to fish in the waters of other countries and neighbouring countries still had the right to fish on the coasts of the other party within 12 nautical miles.  The Irish government supported the proposal.  It was strongly rejected by the Democratic Unionist Party as a weakening of Northern Ireland`s place in the UK and is seen as the main reason why Theresa May`s withdrawal agreement was never approved by the British Parliament.  The British government had rejected the original proposal.