The fisheries agreement between Greenland, Denmark and the current EU agreement has changed over the years since the formal creation of the EU in 1993.  Greenland maintains fisheries and cooperation agreements with the EU.  These agreements are renegotiated every six years by Greenland, Denmark and the EU.  Fishing quotas are renegotiated each year.  The current protocol is in effect from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020.  The first agreement was in force for ten years between 1985 and 1995.  Greenland itself negotiates its fishing quotas, but can ask Denmark for help, as can be seen in Denmark`s role in the mackerel negotiations.   United in Diversity-A View from Greenland, Blog active.eu: History and Policy (May 3, 2016), historyandpolicy.blogactiv.eu/2016/05/03/united-in-diversity-a-view-from-greenland/, archived at perma.cc/EHD9-T8E8. Partnership agreement with third countries (summaries of EU legislation) Greenland, an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark (which also includes Denmark and the Faroe Islands) is one of the overseas countries and territories associated with the European Union in EU countries and territories.
Greenland receives EU funding for sustainable development and has signed agreements to strengthen cooperation with the EU. Relations with the EU also imply that all citizens of the Danish Empire residing in Greenland (Greenland nationals) are EU citizens.  This allows Greenlanders to move and stay freely within the EU. As part of the negotiation process, Greenland was able to establish negotiations and establish their own rules on fisheries, including quotas, for a fisheries agreement with Denmark and the European Communities, in which EC Member States would also pay for their access to Greenland`s waters.  In the final text, Greenland`s fishing industry was recognized as an essential economic activity.  As such, the agreement did not prevent Greenland from claiming the 1947 GATT exclusion paragraph, a paragraph that would allow Greenland to introduce temporary prohibitions and restrictions to protect those interests.   Programming document for sustainable development of Greenland 2014-2020, ec.europa.eu/ europeaid/sites/devco/files/signed_programming_document_for_sustainable_development_of_greenland_2014-2020_colour.pdf (copy in The File with the Author).