1 Since the publication of the results of the 2016 Brexit referendum and the BRITISH government, which has begun negotiations with the EU to leave the European Union, the issue of the border between Northern Ireland and Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland has proved to be the main point of contention against London and the EU negotiating teams. More than three years after the referendum, and although Theresa May`s government has promised to find solutions to keep the Irish border as transparent and invisible as it was before Brexit, the backstop, contained in the 2018 draft between London and Michel Barnier`s team, is just a trick to push back the Irish border problem. It has not provided a solution because it lacks political support.1 The purpose of this document is to analyze the reasons that may be responsible for such a complex and complex situation. In addition to the number of signatories [Note 1], Stefan Wolff identifies the following similarities and differences between the issues raised in the two agreements: The multi-party agreement required the parties to use « any influence they might have » to obtain the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons by referendum within two years of the adoption of the agreement. The standardization process has forced the British government to reduce the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland « to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society. » These include the elimination of security measures and the abolition of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has pledged to conduct a « thorough review » of its violations of national law. The agreement reaffirmed its commitment to « mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms for all within the Community. » The multi-party agreement recognized « the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity, » particularly with regard to the Irish language, Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, « all of which are part of the cultural richness of the Island of Ireland. » As part of the agreement, the British and Irish governments committed to holding referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum on Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached at the multi-party talks. The Republic of Ireland`s referendum should approve the Anglo-Irish agreement and facilitate the modification of the Irish constitution in accordance with the agreement. While the role of the United States in mediating the agreement has rightly been acknowledged, EU participation has probably been underestimated and perhaps underestimated. However, the Brexit negotiations have placed the provisions of the Good Friday agreement at the heart of the EU`s priorities.
This is not only because the EU is the guarantor of the treaty, but because it reflects the same principles and processes as the EU itself. The rule of law, cross-border cooperation and post-conflict reconciliation and peace.